An overview of methods for production and detection of silver nanoparticles, with emphasis on their fate and toxicological effects on human, soil, and aquatic environment

Ghobashy M.M.
Elkodous M.A.
Shabaka S.H.
Younis S.A.
Alshangiti D.M.
Madani M.
Al-Gahtany S.A.
Elkhatib W.F.
Noreddin A.M.
Nady N.
El-Sayyad G.S.

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been extensively used in various industries; however, this is accompanied by several implications to humans and the environment. This review focuses on different aspects of AgNPs including the production and detection techniques, their fate, and dynamics in response to different environmental factors. In addition, this review illustrates the toxicity mechanism and the interaction of AgNPs with different matrices, such as aquatic environment, soil, crops, and humans. Reduction measures and future research are discussed. © 2021 Mohamed Mohamady Ghobashy et al., published by De Gruyter 2021.