Almost Entirely Empirical Estimation for Chemical Potential

Tawfik A.N.
Abdel Wahab M.
Yassin H.
El Din H.M.N.

Abstract: Based on statistical thermal approaches, the transverse momentum distribution of the well-identified produced particles, π+, π–, K+, K–, p, and (Fromula presented.), is studied. We aim at introducing a novel almost entirely empirical estimation for the inclusive chemical potential μ. From the partition function of a grand-canonical ensemble, we propose a generic expression for the dependence of μ on the rapidity y. Then, by fitting this expression with the experimental results of the most central p⊥ and d2N/2πp⊥dp⊥dy, at 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 130, 200 GeV, we introduce a generic expression for the rapidity dependence of for all particle yields, at different energies, μ = a + by2. The resulting energy dependence reads (Fromula presented.) = c[(μ – a)/b]d/2. As a validation test, we show that the proposed approach reproduces excellently the rapidity spectra of various particle yields measured, at different energies. © 2020, Pleiades Publishing, Inc.