Underwater Soft Robotics: A Review of Bioinspiration in Design, Actuation, Modeling, and Control

Youssef S.M.
Soliman M.
Saleh M.A.
Mousa M.A.
Elsamanty M.
Radwan A.G.

Nature and biological creatures are some of the main sources of inspiration for humans. Engineers have aspired to emulate these natural systems. As rigid systems become increasingly limited in their capabilities to perform complex tasks and adapt to their environment like living creatures, the need for soft systems has become more prominent due to the similar complex, compliant, and flexible characteristics they share with intelligent natural systems. This review provides an overview of the recent developments in the soft robotics field, with a focus on the underwater application frontier. © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.