Second-order cascode-based filters

Elamien M.B.
Maundy B.J.
Elwakil A.S.
Belostotski L.

In this paper, we report on the design of a class of analog filters based on the cascode circuit structure surrounded by four impedances. The proposed topology is systematically investigated using two-port network techniques and symbolic math CAD tools. A total of 106 second-order filter circuits can be obtained from this class including 9 low-pass filters, 6 high-pass filters, 73 bandpass filters, 6 band-stop filters, and 12 gain equalizer/all-pass filters. Post-layout simulations in 65-nm CMOS technology of selected members of this family of filters are provided and prove its correct functionality. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.