Fractional-order Fitzhugh-Nagumo and Izhikevich neuron models
This paper studies the famous Fitzhugh-Nagumo and Izhikevich neuron models in the fractional-order domain. Generalization of the integer models into the fractional-order domain providing a wider scope understanding of the neuron systems. The fractional Fitzhugh-Nagumo circuit model and the state space equations are introduced. Different fractional orders are studied as an example. Numerical solutions of the systems are given using non-standard finite difference scheme together with Grunwald-Letnikov discretization technique which is computationally efficient and accurate. The two models are compared and their behaviors are investigated at different fractional orders. © 2016 IEEE.