Conference Paper

A simplification in integral frequency offset estimation based on joint detection algorithm for WiMAX 802.16e

Ahmedin A.
Rashad S.
Fayez M.
Raouf M.A.
Fahmy H.F.
Sultan A.
Hamed M.
Sayed M.

Initial downlink synchronization for orthogonal frequency division multiple access ( OFDMA ) network access involves timing and frequency synchronization. The frequency offset is produced by oscillator drifts and time-varying Doppler shifts. In mobile WiMAX 802.16e carrier frequency offset (CFO) can be divided into: integral carrier frequency offset (ICFO) and fractional carrier frequency offset (FCFO). There are mainly three methods for CFO estimation: data-aided method, blind and semi-blind. This paper is based on the semi-blind method presented in "Joint detection of integral carrier frequency offset and preamble index in OFDMA WiMAX downlink synchronization", IEEE, 2007 , see [2]. We simplify the algorithm presented in that paper by (a) using an adder-subtractor instead of using squares to estimate power and (b) by using a XNOR instead of complex multiplier; thereby reducing hardware gates by a factor of 676. Simulation results show only a slight degradation in performance with a considerable reduction in complexity.