Long non-coding RNA maternally expressed gene 3, miR-125a-5p, CXCL13, and NF-kB in patients with immune thrombocytopenia

Naguib, Mervat
El Sawy, Shereen
Rashed, Laila
AlHelf, Maha
Abdelgwad, Marwa

The main aim of this study was to assess the expression level of circulating long non-coding RNA maternally expressed gene 3 (lncRNA-MEG3), microRNA (miR-125a-5P), the chemokine C-X-C motif ligand13 (CXCL13), and the nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-kB) in immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) cases and to study its relation to the disease severity and treatment response. This case-control study included 45 patients newly diagnosed as ITP and 45 healthy subjects. We assessed complete blood count, antinuclear antibodies, hepatitis B and C virus serology, lncRNA-MEG3, miR-125a-5P, and CXCL13 expression in serum by real-time PCR and NF-kb protein by ELISA. In ITP patients compared to control, lncRNA-MEG3 was significantly increased, and miRNA-125a-5P was decreased, and this was associated with higher CXCL13 and NF-kB levels (P < 0.001, for all).There was a significant negative correlation between platelet count and lncRNA-MEG3, CXCL13, and NF-kb, while a positive correlation with miR-125a-5p in ITP patients. Patients who responded to steroids had significantly higher miR-125a-5p (P = 0.016) and significantly lower lncRNA-MEG3 (P < 0.001), CXCL13 (P = 0.005), and NF-kb (p = 0.002). Based on the ROC curves, lncRNA-MEG3 displayed the highest area under the curve (AUC) in the identification of organ bleeding (AUC = 0.805), the response to steroids (AUC = 0.853), and the need for splenectomy (AUC = 0.75).