Logistics 4.0: Definition and Historical Background
Logistics 4.0 is very important to the current business world. It is expected to revolutionize a lot of business aspects. However, there is no clear definition for Logistics 4.0 till now. Due to its important impact on businesses nowadays, this work aims at reaching a definition for Logistics 4.0. The process of defining Logistics 4.0 is performed through reviewing the historical background between industry and logistics, in addition to identifying different trends of logistics. Through a systematic literature review, historical background on the relationship between previous industrial revolutions and their associated Logistics changes, this work proposes a novel concept, and hence, a definition to the current logistics and supply chain world, in light of Industry 4.0. © 2019 IEEE.