An integrated approach to assess manufacturing greenness level
This paper proposes an integrated approach for relative greenness level assessment in selected manufacturing industries at the system level. The approach builds on existing methodologies to develop a multi-layer tool box called "Greenometer" which focus on the strategic comparison for cross industries evaluation as well as tactical comparison for intra-industries. The assessment tool captures the fundamental evaluation parameters of green manufacturing namely Environment Energy Resources and Economy In addition the Greenometer employs geometric mean method (GMM) for the strategic layer and data envelopment analysis (DEA) for the tactical layer and will be used for different selected manufacturing disciplines. The proposed tool will have a practical impact on assessing, developing and improving environmental plans and policies of the selected industries. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.