Configurations of active acoustic metamaterial with programmable bulk modulus
Acoustic MetaMaterials (AMM) have been considered as effective means for controlling the propagation of acoustical wave energy through these materials. However, most of the currently exerted efforts are focused on studying passive metamaterials with fixed material properties. In this paper, the emphasis is placed on the development of a new class of one-dimensional acoustic metamaterials with effective bulk moduli that are programmed to vary according to any prescribed pattern along the volume of the metamaterial. Acoustic cavities coupled with either actively controlled Helmholtz or flush-mounted resonators are introduced to develop two possible configurations for obtaining Active AMM (AAMM) with programmable bulk modulus capabilities. The resonators are provided with piezoelectric boundaries to enable the control the overall bulk modulus of the acoustic cavity through direct acoustic pressure feedback. Theoretical analyses of these two configurations of the AAMM are presented using the lumped-parameter modeling approach. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the performance characteristics of the proposed AAMM configurations and their potential for generating prescribed spatial and spectral patterns of bulk modulus variation. © 2010 SPIE.