Engineered magnetic oxides nanoparticles as efficient sorbents for wastewater remediation: a review

Abdel Maksoud M.I.A.
Fahim R.A.
Bedir A.G.
Osman A.I.
Abouelela M.M.
El-Sayyad G.S.
Elkodous M.A.
Mahmoud A.S.
Rabee M.M.
Al-Muhtaseb A.H.
Rooney D.W.

The rapid urbanization and industrialization is causing worldwide water pollution, calling for advanced cleaning methods. For instance, pollutant adsorption on magnetic oxides is efficient and very practical due to the easy separation from solutions by an magnetic field. Here we review the synthesis and performance of magnetic oxides such as iron oxides, spinel ferrites, and perovskite oxides for water remediation. We present structural, optical, and magnetic properties. Magnetic oxides are also promising photocatalysts for the degradation of organic pollutants. Antimicrobial activities and adsorption of heavy metals and radionucleides are also discussed. © 2021, The Author(s).