A universal floating fractional-order elements/memelements emulator
In this paper, a generalized floating emulator block is proposed using grounded elements. The proposed emulator is a universal emulator that is used to realize any floating elements such as fractional-order element (FOE) and fractional-order memelements (FOME). Different implementations for the introduced emulator are presented using different active blocks and generalized impedances. The fractional-order parameters add an extra degree of controllability on the hysteresis loop (HL) and the location of the pinched point, which will be investigated. Circuit simulations for the proposed circuits are performed. © 2019 IEEE.